There are three attributes of the Church and four marks of the Church. Only that Church which possesses all four marks is truly the Church of Christ, and only it possesses the three attributes. The four marks are those mentioned at the end of the Nicene Creed: "I believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church."
The oneness of the Church is not only a spiritual unity but a visible one. The holiness of the Church stems from Christ Himself; the Church is Christ's Body, and He is its Head. To say that the Church is catholic means that it is universal; there are not different Churches for different people, just as all truth is found in Christ. And the Church is apostolic because Christ founded it on His Apostles, and it has remained connected to them continuously through apostolic succession.
Of all Christian churches, only the Catholic Church meets this description. Thus, the Catholic Church has the marks of authority, infallibility, and indefectibility: It has the right and power to teach and govern; it does so without error regarding faith and morals; and it will last until the end of time. In all three attributes, and in the four marks, the Church is maintained by the Holy Spirit, Whom Christ said He would send to be with His followers until the end of time.
In the First Communion Catechism, the parallel lesson this week is once again Lesson Tenth. It includes 6 questions drawn from Lesson Eleventh and Lesson Twelfth of the Confirmation Catechism. Last week, we covered the first 4 of those 6 questions; this week, you can review those 4 while covering the last 2.
- Welcome to Sunday School!
- On God and His Perfections
- On the Unity and Trinity of God
- On Creation
- On Our First Parents and the Fall
- On Sin and Its Kinds
- On the Incarnation and Redemption
- On Our Lord's Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension
- On the Holy Ghost and His Descent Upon the Apostles
- On the Effects of the Redemption
- On the Church