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In Lesson Eleventh of the Baltimore Catechism No. 2, we began to examine the Church. Now, we learn how to tell which Church is the one established by Christ.

There are three attributes of the Church and four marks of the Church. Only that Church which possesses all four marks is truly the Church of Christ, and only it possesses the three attributes. The four marks are those mentioned at the end of the Nicene Creed: "I believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church."

The oneness of the Church is not only a spiritual unity but a visible one. The holiness of the Church stems from Christ Himself; the Church is Christ's Body, and He is its Head. To say that the Church is catholic means that it is universal; there are not different Churches for different people, just as all truth is found in Christ. And the Church is apostolic because Christ founded it on His Apostles, and it has remained connected to them continuously through apostolic succession.

Of all Christian churches, only the Catholic Church meets this description. Thus, the Catholic Church has the marks of authority, infallibility, and indefectibility: It has the right and power to teach and govern; it does so without error regarding faith and morals; and it will last until the end of time. In all three attributes, and in the four marks, the Church is maintained by the Holy Spirit, Whom Christ said He would send to be with His followers until the end of time.

Lesson Twelfth from the Confirmation Catechism has 14 questions. Note that the lesson begins with Question 122, continuing with the numbering from Lesson Eleventh.

In the First Communion Catechism, the parallel lesson this week is once again Lesson Tenth. It includes 6 questions drawn from Lesson Eleventh and Lesson Twelfth of the Confirmation Catechism. Last week, we covered the first 4 of those 6 questions; this week, you can review those 4 while covering the last 2.

Check out this week's lesson, and if you have any questions, please leave them in the comments or ask them in the Catholicism Forum!

Previous Lessons in Sunday School:
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